Peace, justice and strong institutions

Rule of law and development are significantly interrelated and mutually reinforcing, and are therefore essential for sustainable development at national and international levels.

Conflict, insecurity, weak institutions and limited access to justice continue to pose a serious threat to sustainable development.

The number of people fleeing war, persecution and conflict surpassed 70 million in 2018, the highest number recorded by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in nearly 70 years.

In 2019, the United Nations recorded 357 killings and 30 enforced disappearances of human rights defenders, journalists and trade unionists in 47 countries.

On the other hand, the births of around one in four children worldwide under the age of five are never officially registered, depriving them of legal proof of identity, which is crucial for the protection of their rights and for access to justice and social services.